Présentation au colloque du Gerpisa

Temporary Labor and Labor Conflicts in the Joint Ventures of VW and Toyota in China

Public Policies and Ethnic Entrepreneurs Dealing Used Cars and Car Parts from Japan to the Global Market: Focusing on Pakistani and South Asian Transnational Migrants

Fukuda, T. (2019).  Public Policies and Ethnic Entrepreneurs Dealing Used Cars and Car Parts from Japan to the Global Market: Focusing on Pakistani and South Asian Transnational Migrants. Gerpisa colloquium.

Purpose (the outline of the research questions)
There are many migrant entrepreneurs engaged in used cars and used parts trading business in Japan. South Asians including Pakistani are representative actors in these industries. Their markets spread not only inside Japan but also all over the world. Pakistani used car dealers are famous among African, South American and Oceanian markets.
Why are there many Pakistani and South Asian entrepreneurs in this field? The reason is not simple. The multiple factors overlap, such as historical circumstances, political changes, economic trends, transition of legal systems or development of immigration networks. In this paper, we focus on the influences of the public policies of each country. The goal of this paper is to make it clear how Pakistani and South Asian migrants form their own niche markets and expand transnational trading networks, and, in addition, what roles their ethnic ties have in the formation of transnational communities.

Design (Methodology)
Presenter has engaged in research on Pakistani and South Asian migrant communities since 1998, focusing on entrepreneur networks (mainly used car and used parts dealers) in Japan, the UAE, Pakistan and New Zealand. This presentation is based on sociological research including field-works, interviews, participant observations, and other demographic and trade statistic data. lire la suite

Urban transport policy for promotion of electric vehicles in France

FAURE, A., & Minami S. (2019).  Urban transport policy for promotion of electric vehicles in France. Gerpisa colloquium.

1, Purpose of This research

The purpose of this research is to elucidate trend, institutional and social background of Electrification of Urban transport and Automobile. We will focus on promotion of electric vehicles (EV) in France. Indeed, France has developed an advanced legal system on Transportation and urban mobility planning system through the decentralization of transportation policy. This paper shows an empirical research on French local level of administration. The aim of this study is to explore some good practice implemented by municipalities concerning the Electrification of Urban transport and Automobile. This report is based on 5 case study (Aix-en-Provence, Lyon, Tours, La Rochelle Valenciennes). lire la suite

China in the automotive industry in Mexico: perspectives and challenges in the transition from NAFTA to USMCA

Mobility and Space Utilization: Regulations Concerning Transportation in Urban Development Plans

NISHIMURA, A. (2019).  Mobility and Space Utilization: Regulations Concerning Transportation in Urban Development Plans. Gerpisa colloquium.

Purpose
This research aims to explore recent trends in transformation of land use and its future prospects based on the analysis on new mobility services and efforts toward sustainable transportation and urban space that have developed against the background of environmental problems. In response to environmental problems, urban policy has aimed to create sustainable urban space and to promote the use of eco-friendly modes of transportation. The development of environmentally friendly technology and the provision of urban services are becoming more diversified. The recent emergence of new mobility services such as car sharing, which is a current trend based on a conscious switch from individual car use to shared car use, also tends to bring on the transformation of urban space (such as unused parking lots) for new uses that may result in more-attractive cities. Based on these trends, this research focused on the transition of urban space utilization in France, which has policies to promote the use of eco-friendly transportation modes and to create sustainable urban environments. This study reviewed recent changes in urban planning systems, included the analysis of selected urban-district projects and the institutional structures that enable the achievement of policy goals, and explored ongoing changes in land use.

1.Background: Challenges in Japan lire la suite

How Brazilian international competitiveness changed after the Inovar-Auto policy: comparison of the international competitiveness of auto-parts in Brazil with other countries

Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System

Asazuma, Y., Okamoto K., & Togawa K. (2019).  Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System. Gerpisa colloquium.

Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System

In Japan, Automobile recycling law introduced in 2005. The background of this policy is to promote proper disposal , to suppress illegal dumping, and to achieve the high rate of automobile recycling. The automobile recycling law was enacted, launching simultaneously the "Japan model" automobile recycling system under the leadership of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. Japan's automobile recycling law requires the automakers (and importers) to do the proper treatment of CFC gas , airbags and ASR, with special emphasis given to the recycling of ASR on a business competition basis( Togawa, 2007).
Recently Stats of Japanese recycling system is as follows(JARC, 2019). Now recycling rate is over 99%. The number of processing is 3.3 million in 2017. This number includes the light vehicle (under 660cc). light vehicle was processed 1.4 million in 2017. Light vehicle dismantling market became big gradually. The weight of ASR per one vehicle is 185kg in 2017. The number doesn’t change drastically recently. Average rate of using period of automobile gradually increasing. In 2017, the average is 15.3 years. Now the policy is working well. After introducing, illegal dumping became out of problem. lire la suite

Influence on used cars trade from Japan, which is brought about by port promotion policies : Case of Fushiki-Toyama Port and Kobe Port

Syndiquer le contenu