Pays développés

Christian BERGGREN - Rapid Vehicle Electrification- What are the challenges?

Deffontaines, G. (2018).  Christian BERGGREN - Rapid Vehicle Electrification- What are the challenges?. Compte rendu de la journée du Gerpisa.
Présentation du rapport par l’auteur
 
Noxious diesel emissions far above official limits and the need to rapidly reduce-greenhouse gasesgenerate widespread calls for banning fossil-fueled cars in Europe. This report shows that it is possible to electrify 50 per cent of all new carsin the EU by 2030.
 
This, however, requires massive investment in European battery production capacity, anda long-term commitment to sustainable supply of critical materials.In addition a large-scale expansion of the charging infrastructure is needed, in particular at home and at work places, which account for around 95 per cent of all battery charging.Moreover, local grids will need enforcement in most countries.The additional electricity demand must be satisfied at a time when many coal-fired and nuclear-based power plants will be decommissioned. Plug-in hybrids, which combine a downsized combustion engine with an electric motor, will probably play an important role, both to relieve long-distance drivers of range anxiety and to reduce the demand for scarce virgin metals, in particular cobalt.
 
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Le développement d’une entrée de gamme électrique impose quelques révisions déchirantes

Trois fois moins lourde... dix fois moins chère.

La semaine passée aura été marquée dans l’automobile par la présentation au Mondial de Paris de la K-ZE (à prononcer "kaïzi") par Carlos Ghosn lundi 1er et par le vote du Parlement Européen mercredi 3 de dispositions qui fixent un cap de réduction des émissions sur la période 2021-2030 à – 40% avec un jalon intermédiaire à – 20% en 2025 et définissent des quotas d’immatriculations de véhicules à faible émission (moins de 50gr de CO2 au km) de 20% puis de 35%. 
 
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Towards an extended V model to design, test and validate autonomous vehicles: a dialogue with the philosophy of technology.

de Oliveira, L. D. R., Bagno R. B., & Freitas J. S. (2018).  Towards an extended V model to design, test and validate autonomous vehicles: a dialogue with the philosophy of technology.. Gerpisa colloquium.

Towards an extended V model to design, test and validate autonomous vehicles: a dialogue with the philosophy of technology.

 

Introduction

According to Nilsson (2010), Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be defined as an activity involved in making intelligent machines and intelligence can be understood as the capacity of an entity to work properly and with foresight in its environment. The definition given by Nilsson is very generic, but necessary to approach several AI techniques and the contexts in which they are applied. AI applications are already a reality in many economic and industrial sectors and they have a big capacity to generate radical innovations (AZZAN; KHALIL; SAMI, 2017). These innovations can be very challenging to technology developers, users, managers and policy makers. lire la suite

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