Pays développés

Pièces de rechange protégées : les problèmes de pouvoir d’achat sont-ils solubles dans la concurrence ?

Gilets jaunes et pièces détachées
Le 5 mars dernier, après s’être référé au pape du libéralisme Friedrich HayekEdouard Philippe a, dans le cadre de la célébration du dixième anniversaire de l’Autorité de la concurrence poursuivi son discours ainsi "La concurrence n’est évidemment pas la solution à tous les problèmes. Mais elle est une des solutions au problème de pouvoir d’achat auquel notre société fait face. Si l’Etat dispose bien sûr des leviers fiscaux et budgétaires pour répondre à ce défi, nous devons également nous attaquer à un autre aspect : celui des dépenses ‘contraintes’. Ces dépenses dont on ne peut pas se passer et dont chaque hausse injustifiée s’apparente à un impôt caché. Le temps est venu de résorber quelques-uns de ces  ‘angles-morts du pouvoir d’achat ‘."  
 
C’est dans ce cadre qu’il a remis en selle une vieille marotte de l’ADLC : la remise en cause de la protection du monopole des constructeurs sur les pièces visibles par les dessins et modèles. 
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Internationalization, outsourcing and labour fragmentation. The case of FIAT

Carlos Tavares nostalgique d'une époque révolue + clarifications ex post

Raison sur le fond, tort sur la forme?
L’interview que Carlos Tavares a donné au Figaro visait en apparence à alerter les politiques et les citoyens sur les dangers encourus par nos économies et nos industries en laissant les autorités européennes fixer à l’industrie automobile pour la période 2021-2030 un cap de réduction des émissions de CO2 de -37,5%.
 
Prenant les politiques de haut et fort de la réussite du groupe qu’il conduit, il n’hésite pas à taxer leurs votes et discussions "d’amateurisme". Feignant de ne penser qu’au collectif, il met en garde les députés et les gouvernements sur les conséquences qu’auront selon lui pour l’emploi et le commerce extérieur européen la décision désormais arrêtée d’obliger les constructeurs à électrifier massivement leurs immatriculations contre la volonté des consommateurs dont il se veut le porte-parole. 
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Carlos Tavares nostalgic for a bygone era + ex post clarifications

Raison sur le fond, tort sur la forme?

Carlos Tavares' interview in Le Figaro was apparently intended to alert politicians and citizens to the dangers facing our economies and industries by letting the European authorities set a target for the automotive industry to reduce CO2 emissions by -37.5% for the period 2021-2030. lire la suite

Temporary Labor and Labor Conflicts in the Joint Ventures of VW and Toyota in China

Public Policies and Ethnic Entrepreneurs Dealing Used Cars and Car Parts from Japan to the Global Market: Focusing on Pakistani and South Asian Transnational Migrants

Fukuda, T. (2019).  Public Policies and Ethnic Entrepreneurs Dealing Used Cars and Car Parts from Japan to the Global Market: Focusing on Pakistani and South Asian Transnational Migrants. Gerpisa colloquium.

Purpose (the outline of the research questions)
There are many migrant entrepreneurs engaged in used cars and used parts trading business in Japan. South Asians including Pakistani are representative actors in these industries. Their markets spread not only inside Japan but also all over the world. Pakistani used car dealers are famous among African, South American and Oceanian markets.
Why are there many Pakistani and South Asian entrepreneurs in this field? The reason is not simple. The multiple factors overlap, such as historical circumstances, political changes, economic trends, transition of legal systems or development of immigration networks. In this paper, we focus on the influences of the public policies of each country. The goal of this paper is to make it clear how Pakistani and South Asian migrants form their own niche markets and expand transnational trading networks, and, in addition, what roles their ethnic ties have in the formation of transnational communities.

Design (Methodology)
Presenter has engaged in research on Pakistani and South Asian migrant communities since 1998, focusing on entrepreneur networks (mainly used car and used parts dealers) in Japan, the UAE, Pakistan and New Zealand. This presentation is based on sociological research including field-works, interviews, participant observations, and other demographic and trade statistic data. lire la suite

Urban transport policy for promotion of electric vehicles in France

FAURE, A., & Minami S. (2019).  Urban transport policy for promotion of electric vehicles in France. Gerpisa colloquium.

1, Purpose of This research

The purpose of this research is to elucidate trend, institutional and social background of Electrification of Urban transport and Automobile. We will focus on promotion of electric vehicles (EV) in France. Indeed, France has developed an advanced legal system on Transportation and urban mobility planning system through the decentralization of transportation policy. This paper shows an empirical research on French local level of administration. The aim of this study is to explore some good practice implemented by municipalities concerning the Electrification of Urban transport and Automobile. This report is based on 5 case study (Aix-en-Provence, Lyon, Tours, La Rochelle Valenciennes). lire la suite

China in the automotive industry in Mexico: perspectives and challenges in the transition from NAFTA to USMCA

Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System

Asazuma, Y., Okamoto K., & Togawa K. (2019).  Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System. Gerpisa colloquium.

Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System

In Japan, Automobile recycling law introduced in 2005. The background of this policy is to promote proper disposal , to suppress illegal dumping, and to achieve the high rate of automobile recycling. The automobile recycling law was enacted, launching simultaneously the "Japan model" automobile recycling system under the leadership of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. Japan's automobile recycling law requires the automakers (and importers) to do the proper treatment of CFC gas , airbags and ASR, with special emphasis given to the recycling of ASR on a business competition basis( Togawa, 2007).
Recently Stats of Japanese recycling system is as follows(JARC, 2019). Now recycling rate is over 99%. The number of processing is 3.3 million in 2017. This number includes the light vehicle (under 660cc). light vehicle was processed 1.4 million in 2017. Light vehicle dismantling market became big gradually. The weight of ASR per one vehicle is 185kg in 2017. The number doesn’t change drastically recently. Average rate of using period of automobile gradually increasing. In 2017, the average is 15.3 years. Now the policy is working well. After introducing, illegal dumping became out of problem. lire la suite

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